Do you know the difference between 3G and 4G? Most people don’t. In this blog post, we will compare 3G and 4G speeds to see which one is faster. We will also discuss the benefits of each type of network. So, which is faster: 3G or 4G? Keep reading to find out!
History and distinctions between 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G cellular networks
The first generation, or 1G, of networks with voice-only, analog services appeared in the 1980s. On a 1G network, the maximum data transmission speed was roughly 2.4kbps.
A 2G network
In 1991, the 2G network was launched in Finland, enabling the transition of cell phones into the digital era. SMS, image messaging, MMS, and call and text encryption were all possible with 2G. The top 2G speed was around 50kbps.
A 3G network
In 1998, a 3G network with more data, video calling, and mobile internet started to emerge. Before 4G came around, many large communities had what we may now describe as a “slow” network. On stationary or non-moving devices, 3G networks can deliver 2 Mbps, whereas, on devices in moving cars, they can deliver 384 kbps.
A 4G network
The most recent cellular network standard, 4G, was introduced in the late 2000s and is 500 times faster than 3G. High-definition mobile TV, video conferencing, and many other things have been supported by it. The highest speed of a gadget can range between 10 and 100 megabits per second depending on whether it is stationary or in motion, such as when you are driving or walking while using your phone. The maximum speed for the 20MHz bandwidth sector is 400Mbps. However, because customers are sharing the available sector capacity with other users, the actual speed that consumers experience is often between 10 and 100 Mbps.
By 2024, it’s anticipated that up to 24 billion gadgets will require cellular network support as more people gain access to mobile devices and as the Internet of Things grows. Herein lies the role of 5G.
What does 3G stand for?
3G means that it is the third generation. It has been a generation since the IMT-2000 (International Mobile Telecommunications – 2000) standards for mobile telecom services were met. It lets a user transfer data and voice at the same time over the same network, in the form of instant messages, emails, and downloads.
The 3G is the next step after the 2G. It has a better broadband capacity and can support more data and voice customers at a much lower incremental cost. Voice communication in 3G is done through circuit switching, and data communication is done through packet switching.
What does 4G stand for?
The fourth generation is referred to as 4G. It is essentially a project for creating and integrating short-range systems, fixed wire systems, Wireless LAN (WLAN), 3G, and 2G into a broadcast of a single network that is not only coherent and consistent but also useful.
Simply put, 4G technology is an extension of 3G technology that offers a number of capabilities as outlined in IMT by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU). In order to facilitate network interfacing, 3G technology has a number of advantages including flexibility, scalability, security, self-governance, and efficiency.
Additionally, it includes a number of additional services that complement the ones already offered. With a very high data rate, the 4G technology offers a variety of customized multimedia, data, and voice services (this can go up to 500 Mbps). In comparison to 2G and 3G, 4G also offers some really cutting-edge services, including gaming, 3D TV, video conferencing, IP telephony, etc.
Technology Differences Between 3G and 4G
The distinctions between 3G and 4G technology should be discussed. We are contrasting the two terms based on each of their unique traits in a table to help make this topic clear and understood.
|Full Form||The term 3G is an abbreviation for third-generation technology.||The term 4G is an abbreviation for fourth-generation technology.|
|Maximum Upload Rate||It can go up to 5 Megabytes per second.||It can go much higher, about 500 Megabytes per second.|
|Maximum Rate of Download||The 3G technology offers a maximum download rate of about 21 Megabytes per second.||The 4G technology can download videos at a much faster rate, that can go as high as 1 Gigabyte per second.|
|Switching Techniques||It utilizes the packet switching technique.||It utilizes both message switching as well as packet switching techniques.|
|Range of Frequency||The frequency of the 3G technology ranges somewhat between 1.8 to 2.5 Gigahertz.||The frequency range of the 4G technology ranges somewhat between 2 to 8 Gigahertz.|
|Leniency||The 3G technology is horizontally lenient.||The 4G technology is both vertically as well as horizontally lenient.|
|Network Architecture||The network architecture of the 3G technology is a wide area cell-based one.||The network architecture of the 4G technology is cell-based for a wide area along with the integration of WLAN.|
|Error Correction||The 3G technology performs error correction using the turbo codes.||The 4G technology performs error correction using the concatenated codes.|
Important distinctions between 4G and 5G
The peak capacity and latency between 4G and 5G will be two of the major variances. For instance, the peak speed of the 5G UWB sector is measured in Gbps as opposed to 4 G Mbps. Additionally, 5G networks will have significantly lower latency or the amount of time between when information is received from a device and when it is used by a receiver. This will enable quicker upload and download speeds. The bandwidth size between 4G and 5G is another significant distinction. In addition to the network requirements of linked automobiles and other Internet of Things devices, 5G should be able to accommodate a lot more devices in the future.
What does this all mean for you as a consumer and user? High-density regions like airports and cities should experience rapid speeds since more data can travel between devices than ever before. You should be able to stream a 4K video in a matter of seconds due to decreased latency and increased bandwidth. The network that will deliver the efficiency and speed that everyone requires should be 5G.
Which one would you prefer?
Fortunately, you don’t have to pick!
It does imply that 4G is quicker and, hence, superior to 2G. Not just a bit faster, either. Over ten times as fast as 3G is 4G.
However, as you can see from the table above, these quicker speeds will be most apparent when performing large downloads and watching streaming films on websites like Netflix and YouTube. You might not notice the difference between 3G and 4G when you have a solid network connection if you usually use your phone’s internet for activities like browsing Facebook and reading emails.
There isn’t much of a drawback to using 4G over 3G; it can drain your phone’s battery a little bit more, but it’s scarcely noticeable.
Mobile internet connectivity provided by 3G and 4G technologies is a significant advance over earlier-generation network standards. 4G delivers quicker speeds than 3G because of its more recent technology, which also enables more data-intensive online activities. However, 3G is useful as a backup for some cellular providers and is accessible in remote areas.